The Agency for Agricultural Development (Ente Sviluppo Agricolo - ESA) is a non-economic instrumental body. By the SOPAT n. 47 in Valguarnera, it started a research in 2010/2011/2012 in collaboration with the CREA-ACM in Acireale and the University of Catania. The research concerned the test of the agronomic adaptability of some varieties of barley malt in the Sicilian areas. From 2010 to 2011, 18 demonstrative fields were allocated to inland areas of Sicily (Caccamo, Caltanissetta; Camporeale, Corleone, Mazzarrà, S. Andrea, Valguarnera, Nero, Polizzi Generosa, Petralia Soprana, S. Giovanni Gemini) with the active participation of several SOPAT and farms. Some varieties, such as Scarlett, Pariglia, Natural and Braemar, were compared using a uniform protocol with the respective bio-agronomic findings in order to evaluate both qualitative and quantity response. The results were encouraging and contributed to the development of the idea of characterising the grown barley in the same fields through the transformation in malt and beer. Regarding the barley transformation in malt, there was a collaboration with the COBI (Italian consortium of barley and beer) which is the only one in Italy, precisely in Ancona, and formed of a hundred of farms and craft breweries.